What You Need to Know About Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Posted on 9/19/2022 by Young Jun DDS MD FACS
|The temporomandibular joint disorder, or TJD, is an annoying condition affecting jaw joints, ligaments, and nearby muscles. In most situations, the illness is either chronic or acute and can cause moderate to severe pain.
Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?
There are numerous causes of the temporomandibular joint disorder, including physical injuries, teeth clenching or grinding while asleep, acute trauma, joint arthritis, autoimmune diseases, stress, dental surgery, infections, and disc dislocation between the socket joint and ball.
TJD can also be brought on by genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. For instance, research indicates that violinists are more likely to develop TJD than other people because they strain their jaws by holding the instruments beneath them.
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
TJD patients encounter a lot of pain and discomfort, maybe for a short period or may persist for years. TJD can damage one or both sides of the face. The disorder primarily affects young adults between the ages of 20 and 40, and it affects women more frequently than men.
You may also experience shoulder, neck, face, and jaw joint pain. Additionally, opening your mouth to speak or chew can cause earache. The jaw joint may make sounds like clicking, popping, or grating whenever you open or close your mouth. Your face may also swell and feel generally tired.
Treatment for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Treatment for TJD can range from self-care techniques and conservative treatment to open surgery. However, after trying all other remedies and non-surgical therapy, surgery is the last option. TJD can be treated by taking medication, wearing a night mouth guard, trigger-joint injection, radio wave therapy, ultrasound, arthroscopy, and open-joint surgery.