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What is the link between periodontal disease and general wellness

Posted on 8/22/2022 by Young Jun DDS MD FACS
What is the link between periodontal disease and general wellnessThe importance of the mouth in our health is sometimes underestimated and undervalued, but, in reality, the condition of your teeth and gums has a significant impact on your overall health and quality of life. Heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer are among the bodily disorders linked to oral problems. Bacteria gather on the teeth and under the gum line if you don't brush and floss regularly, rendering you vulnerable to infection in the form of gum disease. The gums get inflamed as your immune system fights the infection.

Periodontitis and body diseases

Uncontrolled diabetes results in more excellent blood sugar (glucose) levels in the oral fluids. This encourages the development of bacteria that can lead to gum disease. Infections from untreated, periodontal disease, on the other hand, can raise blood sugar levels, making diabetes control more difficult. Changes in blood vessels are caused by diabetes. Thickening of blood arteries can impede the flow of nutrients and waste disposal from bodily tissues. The gums and bones can be weakened due to the diminished blood supply. As a result, they are more susceptible to infection.

The bacteria that cause gingivitis and periodontitis also migrate to blood vessels elsewhere in the body, causing inflammation and damage, leading to small blood clots, heart attacks, and strokes. Other than the bacteria, the body's immune response to the inflammation sets off a cataract of vascular damage throughout the cardiovascular system.

Osteoporosis is a disease that characterizes as the systemic degeneration of bone loss that leads to skeletal fracture. Periodontal disease inflammation makes fragile bones more likely to break down. This is why patients with osteoporosis may experience a faster progression of periodontitis. Microbes living between your teeth and gums may increase your risk of stomach and esophageal cancers. Periodontitis causes the presence of dangerous oral bacteria to rise in the mouth. When hazardous bacteria accumulate, they might be swallowed and move to the stomach. Once inside, the bacteria have the potential to induce stomach irritation and progress to the development of malignant tumors.

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